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About Nashik - History



      Nashik also known as Nasik is one of the most important city in the State of Maharashtra. It is important industrial city in state with major companies in country. Nashik is also well known around the world for its pilgrim importance and for its temples. Godavari is one of the important and largest river of middle and south India have its origin in Nashik. History of city start way back in 'treta yuga' when Shri Rama with his wife Sita and brother Laxmana stayed in Nashik over decade. The city shown its great importance in history of country time by time. It was second most important city after kashi (banaras) for Hindus. The city played major part at the time of Shree Chatrapati Shivarai's time and was part of his Swarajya. During time of Indian struggle for independence from British, Nashik gave great freedom fighter to country like Shri Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Hutatma Anant Kanhere and list goes on. As the city is hometown for lots of great People in India, www.minashikkar.com trying to bring all the history of the Great city in front of the world using this great medium of communication and request all of its supporter to help in this work by providing all available information with them.


Old History of Nashik(Nasik) City:
Old Names of Nashik(Nasik):

 Patanjali Dynasty about 145 B.C called Nashik as Nasikya (According to Proffessor Goldstucker and Bhandarkar).
 In Kshatrapas time in 2nd century Nashik was calles ad Govardhan by Ushavadat.
 In 4th Century Ahir and Abir tribes of Anjneri Named Nashik as Trishala.

 In 8th Century Nashik was called as Goparashtra by chalukya.
 In 16th Century Mughals called it Gulshanabad mean city of rose.


Nashik(Nasik) Before 1st Century:

  History of Nashik start from king Rama who spent more than decade in Panchavati Area of Nashik.Laxman fought with Ravanaas sister Shurpanakha in the Nashik and cut her Nose.Anjneri near Nashik is  Birth Place of Lord Hanumana.Famous incident of 'Laxman Rekha' which is the line draw by laxmana for Sita the wife of Rama to protect her from evil of jungles occured in Nashik.It is also belive that Brahmandeva meditated here.
    During the time of Mahabharata Pandavas lived in Nashiks at Pandava caves.Though caves were built later.

Nashik(Nasik) 1st -3rd Century:

  Before 1st century  King Andhrabhrityas came from Maurya Dynasty ruled Nashik,The Dynasty also known as Saatvahana later. They lost to Kshatrapas in 20-24 AD.Gautamiputra Satkarni(76-106) try to regain the city from Western Kshatrapas Kings but not completely succeed.Kshatrapas king Nahapana son of great king Bhumaka who build the Pandava leni in the 1st century also the creator for Karla caves in Pune-Lonawala road ruled Nashik and Pune.Though Nahapana is believe to be officer of western world who ruled indian that time he is serve as King in india.He was foreinger but his wife was Hindu and later he also become Hindu. His Daughter and her husband Ushavadat who was Buddhists called Nashik as Govardhan. That time Nashik was a place of some trade with a large weaving industry in Asia.

Gautamiputra ruled over Asik, Ashmak, Mudhak, SauRashtra, Kukur, Aparant, Vidarbha, Anup, Akar, and Avanti, a tract of country stretching from the north-west frontier of India to Berar but not successful to won Nashik and Pune district.
  Saatvahan king Rudradaman also fought with Nahapana but he was also not succeeded.But Yajna Satakarni(170-199) regain the region and bring city to Saatvahana dynasty.
 The Nashik silk was so famous that so many European historian believe that the stylo of silk and gold brocade that Marco Polo(1290) found being woven at Baghdad and called as nasich and nac originally came from Nashik. These silks were known in Europe in the fourteenth century as nac, nacquts, nachis, naciz, and nasis .
 Saatvahan failed in 3rd Century and then various kingodms of Western Satrapas,Andhra Ishavus,King Abhiras and the Pallavas was ruler of Maharashtra.

Nashik(Nasik) 4th-7th Century:

In the start of the 4th Century as saatvahana failed in the Deccan region; Nashik District is ruled by the Abhir and Ahir Tribe. Who fought the first independent war known in region for 67 years.Anjaneri was their Capital Near Trimbak.They imported Engineers,Oilmen,Guilds of weavers to the city and develope their tribes.
Early in the fifth century (A.D. 416) the ruling family in the north Deccan seems to have been of the Abhir or Ahir tribe. During this time Nashik was called as Triashmi by some Sanskrit poets of Tribes.
 In the end of 5th century in 480AD powerful chalukya take over the tribes and establish them self in Nashik.

Nashik(Nasik) 8th-12th Century:

  In the 8th century Chalukya King Nagvardhan granted the village of Balgaon, apparently the present Belgaum-Taralha(Near Daarana River) about twelve miles north-east of Igatpuri, and was described as district of Goparashtra.
  The next dynasty which traces in Nasik were Rathods. Baglan, who were rich and strong tract in the north of the district, through which passes the chief line of traffic between Gujarat and the Deccan, seems from very early times to have been held by a family of Rathods.
  Markinda near Vani in Dindori, suggests that Rashtrakuta were connected with the Rathods of Baglan and that the earliest seat of Rashtrakuta power was in north Nasik.Vadner and Varkhede believe to be part of their emperor this time.
Besides the Rathods of Baglan, record remains of two dynasties of local rulers the Yadavs of Chandradityapur, probably Chandor in the center, and the Nikumbhavanshas of Patna near Chalisgaon in the east of the present district of Nashik.
The King Dhridhaprahar ruled in district and   Dridhaprahar was succeeded by his son Seunchandra, who founded a town called Seunpur in Sindiner, perhaps the modern Sinnar. As far as present information goes, Seunchandra had seven successors the last of whom lived about the middle of the eleventh century.

Nashik(Nasik) 12th-18th Century:
In the 12th Century Nashik came under the regime 'Chalukat' who ruled State of Maharashtra,Karnataka,Andhra Pradesh and Part of Gujrat.also known as Basav Kalyan Chalukya. In between it was taken by Rajkut regime for few years.
 and then again by 'Western Chalukya' i.e. 'Chalukat' regime by King Bhillama V.

  Yadav of Devgiri who known as Seuna, Sevuna or Yadava dynasty was rulling State under Chalukya declared independence and established rule over Maharashtra.Devgiri were their capital city. Yadav rule reached its peak under Singhana II.Yadava rule the regime from the period of the end of 12th century to  1312 A.D. For about twenty years after Ala-ud-din Khilji's conquest (1295), most of the present district of Nasik formed part of the dominions of the tributary Yadavs of Devgiri.

after 1313 to 1347 Nashik was ruled by vijayanagar emporer from Delhi. In 1347 it was taken By Bahamani Sultan Ala-ud-din Hasan Bahman Shah(1347 - 1358 AD) who was great friend of Alexander the Great known as Sikander ,Muhammad I(1358 - 1375 AD), Ala-ud-din Mujahid Shah(1375 - 1378 AD),Daud Shah I(1378 - 1378 AD),Muhammad II(1378 - 1397 AD).


Nizam Time:
   From 1490 to Mid of 17th Century it was ruled by Nizam of Ahemednagar.That time two brothers, Malik Wagi and Malik Ashraf, the governors of Daulatabad are controller of Nashik,Sultanpur, Nandurbar, Baglan, and Gujarat. That time was peak time for merchants and travellers.They were passing area without security.Murder of Malik Wagi in 1507 create disturbance in  the Nasik but were reduced to order in 1507 by Ahmad Nizam Shah.In 16th Century Ahmednagar capture by Mughals and Nashik came under Raju Mian. Raju Mian was defeated in 1603, and from that time till 1626 ruled by Malik Ambar who died in 1626.Then Nashik was part of Shah Jahan reign in 1630 who was creator of Taj Mahal.In 16th century Nashik Ruler were keep changing and the city witness 3-4 Dynasty.In 1660 Portuguese also try to attack Nashik.After Shah Jahan his Son Aurangajeb ruled the city and called it 'Gulshanabad'.

Maratha Time,1670-1760
while returning from surat in Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Fought with Daud Khan at Nashik Road area. Daund Khan was with 5000  cavalry .
After few years A few months later Prataprao Gujar exacted the first quarter share, or chauth, from the villages of north Nasik. And soon after this Moropant Trimal took the forts of Aundha, Patta, and Salher. Aundha and Patta were retaken by the Moghals in the same year, and in 1672 Muhabad Khan besieged Salher. A force sent by Shivaji to raise the siege was attacked by the Moghals, but after some severe fighting the Moghals were defeated, the siege of Saler was raised, and Aundha and Patta were recovered by the Marathas.And within a month Nashik city become part of swarajya.

After Shivaji's death in 1680 Nashik was under Mughals in 1684 by prince Muhammad Azam who won the Fort Salher.From 1760-1818 Nashik was ruled by Marathas and Mughals.

Peshwa Time:
in 1760, the Marathas attacked Salabat Jang at Udgir and forced him to surrender Sinnar and other forts, and make over to the Marathas, along with other districts, the southern half of Nasik.
Raghunathrao Peshwa when angry with Madhavrao left Pune and came to Ananvalli Nashik.Anadibai and his son Chimaji lived in Nashik from April 1784.
The sons Bajirav and Chimnaji Appa, with the adopted son Amritrav, remained at Anandveli, until, on the prospect of hostilities with the Nizam in 1795, they were taken to the hill fort of Shivneri in Pune

British Time:19th February 1818 -15th August 1947.
This is very well known area of indian history.1857 Battle was also very well known in which Tatya Tope was from yeola(Nashik).
www.minashikkar.com will give details of all freedom fighters in the our People section.